The children in FS and KS1 follow the programme: ‘Letters and Sounds’ which encapsulates the reading review recommendations led by Jim Rose (refer the Rose Report for further details).
On entry children should be working in the following Phonic Phases:
FS1 Phases 1-2
FS2 Phases 2-4
Year 1 Phase 5
Year 2 Phase 6
Phonics is taught explicitly in the Foundation Stage and in KS1. Letters and Sounds is a powerful teaching tool which ensures that young children will be well-placed to read and spell words with fluency and confidence by the time they reach the end of KS1.
Phonics is taught each day for 20 minutes in a fun way but also with rigor and pace.